Other Papers


Staff Papers

CUTS staff members contribute papers to the work of like-minded organizations in their areas of expertise.

GATS Disciplines on Domestic Regulations Negotiations : Brief Analysis of Developing Country Issues

May. 2015. | By Julian Mukiibi

Despite recognising the right of members to regulate services domestically, the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) also provides that measures relating to qualification requirements and procedures, technical standards and licensing requirements should not constitute unnecessary barriers to trade in services. On this basis, the WTO Council for Trade in Services established the Working Party on Domestic Regulations (WPDR) to develop generally applicable disciplines as appropriate for individual sectors or groups. This note briefly analyses the main issues under negotiation in the development of the above disciplines, highlighting some of the concerns faced by developing countries and mapping the way forward.

Kenya as a Non-LDC WTO Member: What Implications for the EAC in NAMA Negotiations?

Mar. 2015. | By Tiantian Xiang

This paper attempts to provide a closer examination of the specific provisions concerning the LDCs and Kenya under the NAMA modalities at the WTO, the latter being engaged on different modalities due to its status as a non-LDC. This situation is likely to challenge their regional integration efforts, whereby they have already adopted a Common External Tariff (CET) and are pursuing industrialization goals as a region. The paper compares the current CET of EAC Customs Union in order to provide an analysis of the implication of NAMA negotiations to EAC countries given their current status and to help EAC trade negotiators take positions that are consistent with both regional integration and industrialization objectives.

Promote Agricultural Investments: An Opportunity to Enhance Food Security in the EAC

Nov. 2014.Agriculture is the main sector supporting the livelihoods of a majority of East Africans. However, the contribution of the sector to GDP has been reducing in all the EAC Partner State as many turn away from the sector due to both production and supply constraints. The sector is dominated by small scale farmers and characterised by low investments. However, in the last decade, private capital is increasingly being injected into the sector. This has been mostly through large scale land acquisitions and agro-based industries to promote value addition as well as promote food security.

Trade Facilitation: State of play of the EAC countries

Oct. 2014.According to the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement adopted at the Bali Ministerial Conference, LDCs and developing countries would have one year after entry into force of the agreement to self-declare the different categories of trade facilitation measures for which they would need more time (Category B) or technical assistance (Category C). In order to help EAC countries accurately report the implementation status in the respective categories, this paper examines the status of trade facilitation measures in EAC countries.

The Implementation of the Trade Facilitation Agreement: Challenges for Developing and LDCs

Apr. 2014.Although it is generally agreed that trade facilitation might bring many economic benefits for both importing and exporting countries, developing countries and LDCs will have to incur large costs to secure these benefits. This paper identifies the potential challenges and costs that developing and least developed countries might face when implementing the Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA), and the possible solutions to cope with them.

WTO MC9: An Outcome Evaluation and Suggestions for Way Forward for ACP States

Mar. 2014.After years of stalemate, the WTO 9th Ministerial Conference (MC9), held in Bali, Indonesia in early December 2013, delivered positive movement in the Doha Development Agenda (DDA). The success at Bali, no matter how important is not the end of the road but rather the start of a process. This paper proposes a reflexion on post-Bali WTO negotiations prospects for the Group of African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) States. The author reflects around key questions pertaining to implementation challenges, defining negotiating interests, and possible approaches to remaining DDA negotiations among others.

Unpacking the Bali Package : A Snapshot of the Bali Ministerial Decisions of the WTO Members

Jan. 2014.The paper aims to serve as a precursor to identifying the challenges that countries may face in implementing the Bali Package by giving a brief history of each pillar, identifying what the possible next steps of each ministerial decision might be and by providing a brief assessment of how this decision could affect various other stakeholders, especially consumers.




Papers by External Experts

Les Pays les Moins Avancés et l’Organisation mondiale du commerce: Les enjeux post-Nairobi

By Mehdi Abbas

Jan. 2016.Cette note analyse la position et les intérêts des pays les moins avancés (PMA) dans la négociation commerciale multilatérale et le programme de Doha pour le développement . Elle vise à présenter des propositions en vue de la prise en compte des intérêts de cette catégorie dans le système commercial multilatéral de l’OMC pour l’après Nairobi.

Annual Report
Give us a hand
CUTS Trade Forum